An Analysis of The White Tiger

The White Tiger by Aravind Adiga can be seen as a work of fiction that basically presents a character who voices out his journey to a world leader. This particular journey is both marked and marred with experiences that defined him not just as a person, but also as a symbol for many things. Balram Halwai, the novel’s narrator and anti-hero unfolded his tale in a manner that can never be more personal.

As he wrote those letters to Wen Jiabao, the readers are exposed to many layers of reality in India. Adiga’s novel is not just a simple tale of a man’s undeniably interesting quest for success, but it is also a smart and darkly humorous social commentary of life in India, with all its rich traditions, fragile politics, and heart-warming, if not gut-wrenching look at humanity. This analysis will largely examine the novel by using two approaches – psychoanalytic criticism and mythological-archetypal criticism. The first part will largely talk about Balram Halwai’s thought processes using the Freudian model and the second part will attempt to explain the meaning of the multiple symbolisms presented in the novel.Balram Halwai’s Psychoanalytic ProcessesThe thought processes that Balram Halwai underwent or had throughout the novel can be best examined using Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, particularly the ones pertaining to Balram’s repression of his feelings and interpretation of his dreams and hallucinations in the novel. Using these two psychoanalytic functions, one can illustrate the protagonist Balram Halwai’s metamorphosis and a variety of social issues that deserve the readers’ attention and deep thought. Like many men raised in rural India Balram, too, is only scarcely educated and barely has any manners.

Nevertheless, he is a smart man, as he finds a way to make up for his lack of education by overhearing people’s conversations wherever he is to learn about politics, the economy and trivial knowledge. Balram…