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Amy Cheung                                                                                                           APUSHPd. 5                                                                                                                       1/10/18Lincoln’s Journey To EmancipationOates brought a new perspective of how we viewed Abraham Lincoln, primarily because of the fact that as a student who don’t know as much history as historians, for an example, we just think of what we know in school. We were taught that Abraham Lincoln wanted to abolish slavery, which makes him one of the first non-racist white man in the country. However, from Oates’s writing, that is not true. Lincoln wasn’t the first pro-abolitionist at that time period and he didn’t want to abolish slavery because he didn’t care that “people” were in slavery. Lincoln, later agrees with the pro-abolition movement was and wrote the Thirteenth Amendment. This amendment basically states that it would guarantee slavery to be fully abolished. But during the time of the Civil War, the Southern States didn’t want the government to be ruling and watching on how they kept their slaves, so it brought up a lot of tension between the North and South. Since the North had majority of the population and had some influential people in the government, Lincoln was obviously going to side with the North. Lincoln had better moral predecessors, so he was less obliged to be okay with slavery. Especially since Lincoln grew up as a poor person who didn’t have slavery in his household, he wasn’t able to experience the luxury of having a slave, which is mostly the reason why Lincoln wasn’t as intense on keeping it around. Oates changed the perspective that Abraham Lincoln was his God and the first white person to abolish slavery. He isn’t as great as we might think he is.Lincoln, during the time of the Civil War, was based with the paradox of having a limited government allowed ordinary people to strive for more in their life. However, there were still people who were excluded, for example, slaves did not get their freedom to enjoy that were amended to them by the Constitution. Lincoln respected and admired the Founders of the Constitution mainly because of the fact that they were the founding fathers and back then, a lot of their viewpoints mattered. Some founding fathers that were slave owners includes George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison. Lincoln agreed with most of their ideas but didn’t approve slavery because of his moral opposition to slavery. Growing up in a household without slaves, he didn’t know what it meant to have someone to do all the work for free. The contradiction that’s being spoken to is about whether or not the Founding Father could’ve been anyway stated that we were in fact a free society when we kept people who immigrated to the country. We used immigrants for our personal gain without giving them rights, like to afforded to as regular citizens. Since Lincoln was a big fan of the 13th Amendment, he was completely fine with letting the southern states keep their slaves as long as they didn’t secede. Therefore, Lincoln’s way to solve the problem is to let the southern states keep their slaves as long as half of the country doesn’t seceded. If the states did secede, that’s when the Civil War occur and he would want to abolish slavery completely.Slave power was an idea created by the Southern states, in which they wanted to nationalize slavery as a whole. The south didn’t want to take part in the 13th Amendment because pro-slavery southerners wanted every nation to own slaves. Northerners at that time, were the Republicans and they were afraid about the fact that Southerners wanted to spread slavery. They feared to change the concept of free labor because after slavery is abolished in the North, slaves were able to sustains some statuts. Therefore, tax money would decrease and the Republicans might lose money. They need to start paying laborers, which contributes to them losing money. Less money equals less power therefore, Republicans were afraid that they will have to give up gains and not receive anything back in return. In the 1850, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, which were nullified by the North. By capturing runaway slaves and returning them back to their original state, this act was able to prevent the south from seceding from the Union. Since the North was really fearful of losing their status, they depended on the slave act to make sure that the South wouldn’t empower them.Before writing the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln’s intention at first was to save the Union. He would’ve supported slavery if it was necessary to maintain the Union. However, being forced with the South, who didn’t cease their rebellion against the Union, Abraham had to write the proclamation in a form of threatening the South. Lincoln declared that he would take action to free slaves in rebelling states unless the states returned to the Union. This was a threat because slavery was an important asset for the South. Southerners were economically dependent on the slaves. They needed workers for plantations and their agrarian society. However, the South ignored Lincoln and continued their rebellion. The Union won the civil war, which then made the Emancipation Proclamation went into effect.Many scholars have claimed that there was no point in Lincoln passing the Emancipation Proclamation. However, in Oates writing, he eagerly portrays Lincoln as not only a great man, but also as a champion. He often uses sufficient diction and language to show how much Lincoln hated slavery, which persuades readers to believe that it is all Lincoln’s credit for the country to unite as a whole. Lincoln felt the need to pass the Emancipation Proclamation because he wanted to do anything that would help support the Union. But then, Lincoln also realizes that he can take this chance and end slavery. He has been portrayed as a heroic figure because Lincoln’s support of “black lives matter” brought the idea of equality in all races, especially slaves.