Advancements a lot more oxen than the scratch

Advancements in
the agricultural technology of the Middle Ages brought about a boom in the
social and cultural interaction between the peasants of each village for the
benefit of the entire village. Transitioning from very ineffective two-field
system, scratch plow, and the oxen into the revolutionary three-field system,
the heavy plow, and plow horse increased the production of food resulting in
many more benefits that just nutrition.

Although
transitioning to these three things was very important, possibly the most
crucial was the three-field system. This new system allowed for rotation of
crops throughout the year, while increasing the number of crops and food they
would yield. Not only that, they were still able to allow part of their land to
fallow in preparation for the next season. They split their land into three
fields that would rotate after every year, each being used for either winter
crop, summer crop, or allowing to fallow. Mathematically this increased their
production of food while at the same time saving them time, enabling them to
work on other land by preparing to crop or clearing it to add it to crop lands.
This increase in food led to a healthier, well-fed, and productive community.
This three-field system bettered the quality of life for the peasants and at
the same time saved a bit of energy which supported a healthier life for
populations in towns all over Europe. Add a better cropping tool into an
already good cropping system and it leads to even more production by
comparison, and a higher efficiency rate.

The heavy plow was
a superior cropping tool compared to the scratch plow which was not as
effective in certain parts of land, was not as strong, and overall took too
long for the amount of work it actually did. The heavy plow addressed these
issues by cutting deeper into the different soils in Europe. It did so
vertically, horizontally, and it even had a torsion component to it. This plow
saved the peasants from going over the land at least once more because it did
it all in one go, and even added turning the soil onto a side which the
peasants used as furrows to take advantage of different rain and river patterns
to enrich the soil; and it did this all much faster than the scratch plow
could. However, this plow required a lot more oxen than the scratch plow, which
led to neighboring peasants to share oxen with each other to put it to good
use. Not only did it increase food production, it brought peasants, which
before kept to themselves, together to accomplish a common goal. Which brought
up the arguments of who would get their land plowed first. And another solution
of simply making long stretches of land and dividing strips of this land
amongst the peasants, meaning the land the peasants could all be spread out the
entirety of all the land. Part here and part there, which ended arguments but
also allowed for the heavy plow to be used more effectively since the oxen did
not have to be turned so often. All this surplus of food allowed the peasants
to focus their time in other tasks and even sell some of their food since they
had more than enough for themselves with this new system.

The plow horse was
the cherry on top of the whole agricultural revolution of the Middle ages. It
was like adding good fuel to a good engine, it simply made the agriculture
system better for the peasants. Besides the fact that horses could be used for
traveling and faster than transporting and not just plowing, the plow horse
allowed for a faster plow rate and provided more endurance than the oxen. 

These three
changes to the agricultural completely revamped the social interaction,
economic benefit, and cultural development in the Middle Ages by causing a
shift in depending on each other to crop and allowing each other to produce
more.