Abstract journals, articles, books, and media and form


The Pyramids of Giza have stood as an emblem of Ancient Egypt for more than 4000 years. The wherefore of such a project has led to lengthy and tedious debates among many historians and Egyptologists. As a result, an amateur is often misinformed in the traditions and cultures of Ancient Egypt. Do they have mythological symbolism? How did the Egyptians assemble the massive rocks used in the construction? This research aims to test these arguments and reconstruct them in simple language for inspired learners from all backgrounds. 


pyramids, ancient Egypt, mysteries, Giza, history of Egypt.


The Egyptians built 80 pyramids during their 550 years of dominance. The first was completed in the 27th Century BC, a step pyramid built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser. As the civilization advanced, the structure and composition of the pyramids evolved. The Giza pyramid complex consists of The Great Pyramid of Giza, Pyramid of Khafre and Pyramid of Mankaure. Its complex layout and massive dimensions are impossible to compete even in this age. The pyramids were primarily used as tombs for the royal family. The Egyptians believed in the afterlife and inscribed hieroglyphics to depict the journey of the pharaoh guided by 42 of ma’at, or truth. In addition, they placed riches and daily appliances to ease the passage in the afterlife. Evidence of secret passages, additional chambers and modern science and engineering observed by Egyptologists and was recently published in a documentary called The Pyramid Code. Certain historians suggest the pyramids as evidence of futuristic astronomy and physics. Although history cannot be bound by truth, the modern age uses science and philosophy to envision the cultures of the past. In conclusion, the pyramids of Giza are not merely tombs but a paragon to the evolution of the kingdom of Egypt. 


This research paper is a schematic approach to modern postulates and philosophies about the construction of the pyramids of Egypt. Furthermore, it critiques the prevalent books and documentaries based on the Egyptian customs and practices. Although some findings of the research are consistent with the previous papers, other results provide new outlooks and arguments. The initial step was to conduct a literature survey on the relevant research approaches and observe the general knowledge regarding the topic. The second step hypothesizes answers based on contexts of these texts and reimagines the cultures of the Egyptian civilization. The third step was to analyze the data provided by various journals, articles, books, and media and form concrete arguments on the topic of Great Pyramids. The methodology provides an in-depth explanation of the quantitative aspect of the research, which any individual can reproduce with additional research into set themes.

Findings and Arguments

The pyramids are spectacles of science and architecture. As a consequence, speculation regarding their construction is constant. This paper aims to analyze the major arguments relating to the mystery of the pyramids. 

The first theory refers to six pyramids along the Nile river. These six pyramids show evidence of sophisticated engineering and advanced technology. These six sites debunk many theories about the construction of the pyramids as there are traces of machinery and modern tools. There are also signs of structure based on the cosmos order suggesting development in astronomy and physics.  These theories deviate from the knowledge of pyramids serving as tombs. With evidence and careful reconsideration of the truth, many Egyptologists of the modern era conclude that the pyramids served as a device made using advanced mathematical calculation. The placement of the grand gallery and the chambers in the Great Pyramid of Giza suggest it being an astronomical observatory. Observations also suggest the three pyramids in the Giza plateau to be exactly aligned with the band of peace in the Orion constellation. These shreds of evidence question our knowledge of the Egyptian traditions and evolvement. 

The second theory is a correlation of the first. This theory is specifically based on the pyramids in Giza. The three pyramids were built in the predynastic period but, surprisingly did not appear as tombs when they were discovered in subsequent years. Instead, archeologists found evidence of secret passages and unknown systems in the pyramids. These monuments also suggest reconstruction at different stages in history. There are distinct clues suggesting that the pyramids of Giza had been built in varying pigments of white, red and black in the past. Moreover, some Egyptologists put forth the theory of these pyramids as guiding lights in the night. These pyramids had their tip covered in gold and the hue of the stones shimmered in the moonlight, animating the city on the other bank of the Nile. 


The ability of the Egyptians to construct and evolve during their existence is established in their construction of the pyramids. However, whilst the pyramids were largely believed to be tombs, modern archeology has debunked this theory. Whether the role of the pyramids were as astronomical observatories, beacons of light or of any other service to the people of ancient Egypt, they remain covered in mystery and wonder. Evidence highlighted in this paper confirms advancement of ancient Egypt to be much greater than the modern era. Research and detailed analysis thus, discredit central ideas regarding the pyramids and envision alternative approach I understanding the ancient cultures in Egypt.