ABSTRACTThe goal of thisindividual case study were to decrease the maladaptive behaviour showed by theparticipants and have the participants verbalize his feeling before they buildup to cause the maladaptive behaviour. The study used positive reinforcementand rewards to reinforce the positive behaviour displayed by the participantsas well as to deter negative bahavior. The participants made vast improvementsin expressing their emotions and also showed good improvement in controllinghis maladaptive behaviours.
Implications of diagnosis of (ASD) Autism SpectrumDisorder are discussed as we as explanation of other studies performed forindividuals with this diagnosis. Introduction:There is a great needfor more studies on children who have autism. Most of the present and paststudies have done before on children age of 5-13 years old with this disorderand not the growing teenager. This study will help individuals with autism andfamilies to handle the individual’s behavior in a more positive way. This studyalso helps to deliver ideas to other people or caregivers in order to help dealwill some of the behaviors that accompany this disorder.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDYThe subject that willbe the participant in this intervention case study is a sixteen year oldAutistic teenager who has been not able to express and verbalize his feelingsin proper way. This frustration manifests in grinding of the teeth andverbal/physical outbursts. The grinding of the teeth will happen before theoutburst.
It’s important to teach the participants how to express and verbalizehis feelings in proper way to help control the negative behavior.The purpose of thiscase study is to decrease the behaviors that are being displayed. It’s alsoimportant that the participants verbalize his feeling so the behaviors willcontinue to decline.RESEARCH QUESTION (HYPOTHESIS)With positivereinforcement the participant will decrease the behaviors of grinding his teeththat lead up to his verbal or physical outbursts. The subject will insteadverbalize his feelings to avoid the bad outburst.OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONSAutism: It is a complexdevelopmental disability that causes problems with social interaction as well ascommunication deficits. The symptoms of this disorder usually start before the ageof three and are known to cause delays or problems in many different skills thatdevelop throughout their lives.
It is more common in males than females and thereis no definitive cure for the disorder “Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2010).Autistic Spectrum Disorder(ASD): The disorder is often defined as a spectrum disorder, due to the fact thatdifferent individuals with autism can have very different symptoms. The symptomscan vary from mild to serve, but they are all part of the same disorder “AutismSpectrum Disorders, 2010).Positive Reinforcement:Occurs when a reward is given for a desired behavior which will overtime increasethe positive behavior (Fritscher, 2009).I will discuss other studiesthat have been conducted in the subject of autism as well as in behavioral interventions.
This study will help to show the gaps in the current research and the requirementfor this single case intervention study to be done.Literature:Autism is a developmentaldisability, which means that it causes pronounced symptoms that may affect the person’slife in the long term. people who’ve been Identified with this perticular disorderhave pronounced impairments in the area of social and language communication, aswell as ritualistic and challenging behaviors (Wolery, 2005). They often are notable to make friends or not to have meaningful relationship with people becausethey do not possess skill to hold a dialogue in proper manner. They also usuallyengage in behaviors that are not looked upon as socially acceptable by their peers,which makes it more tough for them to find a place in society (Marohn, 2002). Thiscase will be explaining the different approaches to treating a child with Autismand effects on the individuals life.About 1 in every 100 childrenare diagnosed with (ASD) Autism Spectrum Disorder (Dillenburger, 2009) which makesimportant to understand the best effective treatments for these individuals so theycan be properly educated in both school life as well as social life.
Children withthis disorder that are diagnosed early and set on a structured program can be expectedto make significant progress (Simpson, 2001). ABA. Applied Behavior Analysis, isthe most widely used intervention for autistic individuals by far. It offers anempirical basis for diagnosis, assessment, and instruction for individuals withautism (Wolfe, 2005). ABA also is the only treatment that is endorsed by the UnitedStates Surgeon General and it is defined as science used to improve behavior.
AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIORSTheir interaction is ofgreat importance but the aggressive behaviors that are co- morbid with autism arealso a large factor in daily life. Individuals with autism often exhibit maladaptivebehaviors and these behaviors can cause great problems in the individual’slife. The maladaptive behaviors in early childhood are a particular concern becausethose are the critical years for interventions (Hartley, 2008).
Autistic individualsoften exhibit serve behaviors such as self-inflicted harm or harm to others, whichcan be reduced with interventions in some but not all cases.People affected by the disorder have a limited rangeof coping skills, so they are more susceptible to stress. This can cause emotionalproblems that lead to emotional and behavioral manifestations that progress intoaggressive outbursts (Focht-New, 2008). Aggression has no single widely accepted definitionbut it refers to a whole range of behaviors from throwing objects or causing bodilyharm to themselves or others (Didden,2008).
Physically hurting people causes challenges forthe caregivers of the individual as well as their safety being at risk (Tryrer,2006). If the autistic individual does not receive some type of behavioral intervention,the behaviors can get worse, remaining an even bigger challenge for caregivers (Matson,2007).