Gothic literature, also called Gothic Romance, began in the 18th century as a part of the Romantic movement in the arts. The movement represented a reaction against Enlightenment, the age of reason, that had dominated the thought of time. The name Gothic was created by the inspiration of the medieval buildings and ruins of the Gothic period (“Gothic Fiction”). Mary Shelley, Ed
ar Allan Poe, and Bram Stoker are known for their unique styles and popular influential works as gothic horror writers.
Mary Shelley is the most famous female gothic horror writer. Her most well known piece, Frankenstein, was written when she was only 19 years old (Bloom 1). That is a very young age considering that this is her most famous piece she wrote.The work consisted of science and horror fiction (“Gothic Fiction”). The original name of the novel was Modern Prometheus and the inspiration came from dreams and Erasmus Darwin’s ideas on artificial life forms. The masterpiece began by joining Percy Shelley, Lord Byron, and John Polidori in a ghost story writing competition. “She blended gothic imagery and the setting and landmarks from her European tour in the novel Frankenstein, the terrifying tale of a young swiss scientist, Victor Frankenstein, who experiments at the University of Ingolstadt with the creation of an antihero, a monstrous humanoid”(Snodgrass 316). Frankenstein was not just a gothic novel, but was the first of a new and hybrid fictional species (Bloom 11).In other words, it was the first gothic novel to have science and horror combined together creating a masterpiece. Even though she suffered many problems, including losing her mother at a very young age, Mary Shelley became a great inspiration and will always be influential to the generations to come.
Edgar Allan Poe was a classic gothic horror writer who wrote many novels which are still popular today. He was born in Boston,Massachusetts on January 19,1809 (Kent 12).His …