Effective Classroom Management Plan The key components of classroom management are planning, organizing, arranging, monitoring, and anticipating. A successful teacher manages planning activities while maintaining high levels of student involvement in those activities. A successful teacher also maintains a learning enriched environment, anticipates organizational and behavior problems, and monitors student progress. The effective teacher anticipates resource and material needs, physical space needs, individual and group needs, noise constraints, traffic flow problems, and affective and cognitive student reactions.
By anticipating these possible problems, the effective teacher can then plan to avoid pitfalls. Successful teachers maximize their teaching time with students by monitoring individual effort and providing immediate feedback information to the students. These successful teachers appear to accept personal responsibility for their students??™ achievement. Effective managers set clear expectations for behavior, and standards for student??™s academic work. Arranging the classroom in such a way that enriches students learning is all up to the teacher. The teacher has to figure out what works best for them.
In my classroom I would have the class split in half with desks on both sides of the class. I would have a large walkway so that I can do my lecturing and let my presence known in the class. In the front of the classroom I would have podium. That is where I would do all the announcements and answering of questions. Around the room I would have posters and pictures related to the subject being taught.
In the back of the classroom is where the teacher??™s desk would be. I like the idea of the teacher??™s desk in the back because the teacher can still have eyes on the class and the students. I would also like to have an area just for students who need help. This area would be next to the teacher??™s desk and the students can come back there to work with me if they need help. The learning center is designed to motivate, reinforce, and support students??™ learning needs. A center approach enables the teacher to differentiate instruction to meet individual ability levels and learning-style needs. The center attempts to lure students, coax them, and appeal to their natural inquisitiveness.
A time efficient way to monitor independent student work would be to observe not only students??™ actual work, but students??™ demeanor, encourage students??™ questions, ask students to explain their work, and if several students have misunderstood their work task, then re-teach it to them or to the whole class if necessary. One way to refocus student attention when students are working in groups would be to ask individuals and the group questions. This way you know students are engaging in the activity and are participating as a group.
Another way to refocus attention would be to walk around to each group and listen to their planning and discussion. The teacher can also add his/her ideas in the discussion or even ask questions to promote the groups thinking. Special challenges that are associated with monitoring English language learners is that the student might not understand the task or content that was presented in English. Also if the teacher does not speak the student??™s native language he/she will have to get assistance from another teacher which slows the process down. One other challenge could be that the student does not know how to tell the teacher in English what he/she needs to be doing. This can be a problem because as a teacher you always want to make sure your student knows what they are doing.
If the student can not tell you then how is the teacher to be sure the student fully understands. One way to monitor the progress of the English language learner would be to see if the student participates in class discussions. If the student can participate in class discussions then as a teacher you will know that your student comprehends the material and is excited to be engaged with the class discussion.
A teacher can monitor student homework by giving constructive feedback on daily homework. Teachers will recognize whether students really understood the content and were able to apply it constructively. Homework also tells the teacher whether the student has appropriate tools at home to perform the assignment. As an effective classroom teacher I have set standards for behavior in class, developed a process for notifying students of the standards, developed a process to respond to violations of class standards, and respond to violations in a consistent and fair manner. Experienced teachers are able to communicate to students that, as teachers, they are aware of what is going on. Sometimes they do this with a special look or a raised eyebrow, or by standing up, or by touching or walking over to a student.
In these ways the teacher conveys the message to desist??”or else! In my classroom I will present the rules to my student??™s in a clear and concise manner. I want them to understand the rules and the consequences if they are not followed. For example,1. Follow direction the first time given.
2. Raise your hand and wait for permission to speak.3. Do not leave your seat without permission.4. Keep your hands, feet, and objects to yourself.5. Treat others the way you want to be treated.
6. Keep your area clean.These rules are clear and meaningful.
I would have these rules posted in the class where the students are reminded of them everyday. The consequences for breaking these rules depend of the severity of the misbehavior. If the student get out of his/her seat I would just verbally remind the student of the rule. Now if the student is not respecting others and physically hurting another student I would have to penalize that child. One of the consequences would be for the student to be moved to a different seat. If the behavior continued I would have to send the student outside and call home. In my classroom I would not give to many warning because I feel it is a waste of time. The students need to know that they can not mess around and get away with it.
I also feel that too many warnings are a distraction in class and take up valuable learning time. The most common behavior problem is talking in class. Most students become disengaged in class and begin to talk to others around them.
This becomes a distraction and interrupts the other students who are trying to learn. A consequence for this behavior would be to give students a choice between behaving appropriately and receiving a penalty for continued inappropriate behavior. Interdisciplinary learning is an educational process in which two or more subject areas are integrated with the goal of fostering enhanced learning in each subject area.
The concept of interdisciplinary learning acknowledges the integrity and uniqueness of each subject area, yet recognizes the interrelationships of one subject to another. Teachers, like students, benefit from interdisciplinary learning as it builds understanding of other subject areas. In addition, students benefit when they see teachers working in different subject areas, teaching in different classroom space and making similar points across subject areas. Their learning is reinforced in a powerful and meaningful way. As a result of participating in and observing a variety of interdisciplinary activities in the school, students begin to realize how the skills and knowledge in one subject area can transfer into another and, ultimately, be applied to life experiences. In my learning center I have created a science learning center geared toward fourth grade students.
The students will be learning about different types of habitats around the world. The objective of the lesson will be for students to understand that the earth supports many different animal habitats, each of which has distinct features and distinct plant and animal populations. Students will understand that animals and plants are adapted to the conditions of the habitats in which they live. The students will work in pairs of two and explore different habitats of the world. In addition to learning about the habitats the students will learn about the animals that live in them and how they adapted. The teacher will have to research different habitats that the students can explore. For example, grasslands, tropical rainforest, temperate forest, desert, polar ice, and tide-pool would be the options the students can choose from.
After choosing a habitat the students will have to draw an animal and a plant that has adapted in that habitat. While the students are in the learning centers they are collaboratively working on interdisciplinary lesson. This lesson incorporates science and art. In order to monitor the students the teacher will be able to walk through the center of the room and monitor the pairs of students. If any of the students need help they can walk to the back of the room and sit at the table next to the teacher desk. This is where I can individually help the students.
Anticipating problems for this assignment will be students not engaged in the lesson, students not on task, or student??™s not working together. For student??™s that are not engaged in the assignment the teacher would have to motivate them by provoking thoughts and asking questions. For helping students stay on task the teacher can put up discussion questions throughout the assignment so students are focused on the lesson and are reminded of the lesson. An example discussion question could be ???Humans, as well as animals, live in the desert.
Compare and contrast the ways in which humans and animals have adapted to life in this habitat???. For students who are not working together the teacher will have to use personal judgment to see whether the students are choosing not to work as a team or if one is slacking while the other student is working on the lesson. Once again, the teacher will have to decide what to do if this happens. If one student is working while the other is disengaged the teacher will have to try and motivate that student to get focused and start working together. Maybe split the work up and have each student accountable for part of the lesson.
When the students are choosing to work separately even though it is a team effort the teacher must help them to be partners. Get the student in sync and have them discuss the habitats together and how the animals and plants adapted.