General PrincipleAnimal health andwelfare should always be maintained through better management practices,balanced nutrition and stress free living conditions.RecommendationsThe followingtechniques should be followed to maintain good health. a. diseaseresistant breed or strains should be selected.b. naturalimmunological processes should be promoted.

c. provision ofgood quality organic feed;d. appropriatestocking densities;e. grazing rotationand management.

Operators shoulduse natural medicines and treatments, including homeopathy, Ayurvedic medicineand acupuncture whenever appropriate. When illness does occur, an operatorshould determine the cause and prevent future outbreaks by adopting appropriatemanagement practices.Standards shallrequire that:1. The operatorshall take all practical measures to ensure the health and well being of the animalsthrough preventative animal husbandry practices.2.  If an animal becomes sick or injured despitepreventative measures that animal shall be treated promptly and adequately, ifnecessary in isolation and in suitable housing. Producers shall not withholdmedication where it will result in unnecessary suffering of the livestock, evenif the use of such medication will cause the animal to lose its organic status.An operator may usechemical allopathic veterinary drugs or antibiotics only if:a.

preventive andalternative practices are unlikely to be effective to cure sickness or injury;b. they are usedunder the supervision of a veterinarian, andc. withholdingperiods shall be not less than double of that required by legislation, or a minimumof 48 hours, whichever is longer.3.  Substances of synthetic origin used tostimulate production or suppress of natural growth are prohibited.4.

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Vaccinations areallowed with the following limitations:a. when an endemicdisease is known or expected to be a problem in the region of the farm andwhere this disease cannot be controlled by other management techniques, orb. when avaccination is legally required, andc. the vaccine isnot genetically engineered.