Astronomy Research and the Search for Extraterrestrial Life Project

Astronomy Research and the Search for Extraterrestrial Life Project
Researchers have shown Properties of life on Earth can be determined by many factors. Virus has cellular and non cellular life. ???Bacteria are living things which are neither plants nor animals, however, bacteria belongs to a group all by themselves.???(What are bacteria). Several more properties are Archea, followed by Eukarya. All these properties on Earth are what keeping produces life. In the Eukarya four components include prove of life. Life proving properties include protista, fungi, planate, and animalia. These are components that prove the properties of life on Earth.
Protista is mostly a suggestion that all unicellular organisms, because they lack a definite cellular arrangement, such as bacteria, fungi, algae, and diatoms. The last properties, Fungus the kingdom of heterotrophic single-celled, multinucleated, or multi cellular organisms, including yeasts, molds, and mushrooms, which ???provide a critical part of nature??™s continuous rebirth of mother earth ???planet (The Fungus Kingdom, 2002) The planate; is the taxonomic kingdom that includes all plants, whether alive or extinct plants. The most obvious of life which is animalia, is taxonomic kingdom which includes all sources of animal life.
While Examining the Possibilities of Life in our Solar System (Mars) This pictures are photographic evidences of past life on Mars. The solar system Mars is the only likely place so far that life could possibly be sustained.
{draw:frame} Life on Mars – Microscopic Structures
this electron microscope image shows several tiny structures that are microscopic fossils of primitive organisms that may have lived on Mars billions of years ago. A NASA research team found these organic molecules when these fossils Martian rocks fell to Earth as a meteorite.
This image taken by the Viking spacecraft shows a band of a Martian atmosphere! Looking across the Argyre basin which is over 600 kilometers across and over 500 kilometers in width.
The life bearing planets that are research are Proxima Centuri, Rigil Kentaurus, Bernard??™s Star and Mars. These stars give the scientist and astronomer??™s evidence that were is not alone in the universe. The scientist and astronomer search for extraterrestrial life has been going on for years. However, since NASA has been exploring the universes with other countries the timetable for observations has been long documented for years. The enormous amount of money vested in this project is over whelming that the equipment used and satellites in outer space has made such observation a different in the purpose to find life or sum sort of habitat to find life somewhere else is an awesome view to be hold. In this Century the scientist and astronomers have sophisticated equipment to study the universe.
The star Proxima Centauri is the closest small faint star and a member of the Alpha Centauri tripe star system. Proxima Centauri does burn its energy more slowly that the larger stars. When the sun is dead Proxima Centauri will be still shining and whichever life that might be there could have a long future head. Proxima Centauri is also a red dwarf star that is approximately 4.2 light- years far-away in constellation of Centaurus.
{draw:frame} {draw:frame}
Earth Proxima Centauri
Rigil Kentaurus (Alpha Centauri) is the ???foot of the centaur??? and the 3rdbrightest star in the sky seen by earth. The reason for the brightness is closest star to the sun by 4.3 light years away, has an apparent Magnitude of -0.27, absolute magnitude of 4.4, spectral type of G2V + K1V and is in addition a triple star system. Scientist and astronomers believe that the most compelling reason the life habit the Cen-A special place from the sun that it may ???offer life conditions similar to our solar system.??? Scientist and astronomers feel it has the possibility of habitable planet outside our system??? and a place to travel too. (Rigil Kentaurus)
{draw:frame} {draw:frame} {draw:frame}
Rigil Kentaurus
The Barnard??™s star is one of the most celebrated stars in our constellation Ophiuchus which is not visible to the human naked eye and not easy to find in telescopes. However, scientist and astronomers still find the star worth hunting for the purpose of the closest star to the Sun, ???after the triple system Alpha Centauri and not too far south on the Northern Hemisphere to see. Just like Proxima Centuri the Barnard??™s star is a faint red dwarf that has a radius 15% that of the Sun, and only 5.96 light- years away which ???veritably screams across the sky at a break-neck pace of 10 arc seconds per year. Barnard??™s star is a distance of 5.96 light-years away; apparent magnitude 9.54, absolute magnitude 13.54 of spectral class M3.8Ve that lies ???near the bottom of the main sequence of the Hertz sprung-Russell diagram???
{draw:frame} {draw:frame} {draw:frame}
Barnard??™s Star
Mars the Fourth Planet from the sun referred to as the Red Planet.
Which has rocks, soil, and key with a Red or Pink hue Mars atmosphere is quite different from the Earth??™s. Primarily composed of carbon dioxide with small amounts of other gases and have six common components of the atmosphere:
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 95.32%
Nitrogen (N2) 2.7%
Argon (Ar) 1.6%
Water (H20) 0.03%
Neon (NE) 0.00025%
The search for extraterrestrial intelligence research has been done by many funded scientific institute around the world. The S.E.T.I. Institute has a mission statement that??? explorers, understand, and explains the origin, nature and prevalence of life in the universe.??? (SETI institute) 2008, The SETI mission statement says??? Scientist believe conducting the most profound search in human history- To know our beginnings and our place among the stars.??? (S.E.T.I. institute.) 2008. The institute is heavily funded by large foundations and associations such as:
NASA Headquarters
Department of Energy
US Geological survey
International Astronomical Union
Sun Microsystems
Hewlett Packard Company
NASA Ames Research Center
Plus 12 other prominent corporations and foundations
The SETI Institute is a nonprofit corporation that is comprised of 3 individual centers and is responsible for conduct ding over 135 separate multi-year projects since it??™s foundation in 1984. The Institute today employs over 150 scientists, educators and support staff.
A young radio astronomer, Frank Drake, had independently reached the same conclusion, and in the spring of 1960 conducted the first microwave radio search for signals from other solar systems. For two months Drake aimed an 85-foot West Virginia antenna in the direction of two nearby Sun-like stars.
In the 1960s, the Soviet Union dominated SETI, and it frequently adopted bold strategies. Rather than searching the vicinities of nearby stars, the Soviets used nearly-Omni-directional antennas to observe large chunks of sky, counting on the existence of at least a few very advanced civilizations capable of radiating enormous amounts of transmitter power.
SETI cannot take all the credit for mankind??™s search for extraterrestrial intelligence as Russia and NASA were conducting a joint effort as early as the 1960 together. Frank drake a radio astronomer conducted the first microwave radio search for signals from other solar systems back in 1960s. Joining and in point of fact dominating Frank in the 1960 were the Soviet??™s and their adapted and bold strategies. The soviets were using nearly ??“Omni-directional antennas to observe large chucks of sky that hadn??™t been done on such a large scale before. The search for Extraterrestrial continued with its fervent pace in the 1970s with SETI establishing its programs with NASA??™s AMES Research Center laboratories in Pasadena California. NASA Ames would then go on to examine a blistering 1000 Sun-like Stars by 1988 putting to an end a 10 year study.
In the late 1970s the ???Hewlett-Packard Corporation, produced a comprehensive study for NASA known as Project Cyclops. The Cyclops report provided an analysis of SETI science and technology issues that is the foundation upon which much subsequent work is based.??? (SETI institute,) 2008.
Arecibo telescope
In conclusion, the Earth??™s properties were discovered. The Solar System was examined to visualize the possibilities of extraterrestrial life can exist. Mars was observed and all the possibilities for human life to survive on the star. The on-going search for extraterrestrial life hasand continues to be effective on the world scientist and astronomers to find life in the universe. However, the recent equipment used by our space program thought-out the foreign and domestic are still highlighted as being the best to explore the stars and planets extraterrestrial life. The recent missions and discoveries, lead a path of more amazing discoveries for our space programs.
Proxima Centauri
Rigil Kentaurus, the Star of the Southern Sky
“Barnards star.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2008. 16 Sep. 2009 .
Barnards Star,
SETI Institute, (2008). History of SETI, Retrieved September 17th, 2009. From
Kaler, J. (n.d.). Barnards star. Retrieved September 17, 2009, from
Sol Company (n.d.). Barnard??™s star. Retrieved September 16, 2009, from
Hamilton C, (1997-2001). Life from Mars the Discovery, Views of the Solar System Retrieved September 17th 2009, from:
Hamilton C. (1997-2008) Mars Introduction Retrieved September 17th 2009, from
Bazinet J.P. (1997-2009). MOVIELIST.COM WEBSITE, Retrieved September 17th, 2009, From
Hamilton C. (1997-2001). Views of the Solar System, Retrieved September 17th, 2009, from