Aspects of Child Development

hild and young person development
1.2 Describe with examples how different aspects of development can affect one another

Under the headings below ??“ explain how a child may be affected by delayed or advanced development in each area, including how this delay or advancement may impact on other areas of development ??“ give examples.

Physical Development:

Delayed
Obesity among children will disrupt children??™s physical development and have an impact on their social and emotion wellbeing. The fact they are overweight may mean they struggle when doing sports activities at school, which could result in the child being teased by their classmates, leaving them feeling self conscious and embarrassed. Also getting changed in front of their friends can be an embarrassing experience with the child being called names and ridiculed because of their size. Over time they may not want to do PE, affecting their health even more, preferring to stay at home rather than be ridiculed, resulting in absences and falling behind in other studies. Obesity can also disrupt the onset of puberty in boys, as hormones get affected and slow the male development. This could lead to teasing and bullying by other boys resulting in low self esteem and as they withdraw into themselves and away from peer groups they can become isolated and depressed.

Advanced
Girls often reach puberty quicker than boys. This can often be a stressful time as girl??™s bodies start to develop, that is hips widen, breasts develop, periods begin. If a girl experiences puberty before her friends, say at 9 years old, it may make her very self conscious. Friends might tease her about putting on weight which could in turn lead to dieting and creating the image of herself as fat affecting her social development. Sometimes eating disorders occur as the child tries to make herself socially acceptable and slim. As the breasts develop it may mean that the girl is teased about having to wear a bra, by friends who haven??™t reached puberty, making her very self conscious, and may even receive unwanted attention from boys, or harassment like having bra straps pulled. Changing in communal areas can also cause embarrassment for the developing girl, and they may opt to take time off school rather than go through the experience.

Intellectual Development:

Delayed
Malnutrition can play a very large part in a Childs intellectual development. It causes illness which in turn delays physical development, like crawling and walking and parents are so intent on getting them well, that they don??™t instruct in the basic skills. The child is then at a delayed stage of their development and can appear younger than they actually are. Malnutrition also leaves the child tired and withdrawn, less likely to want to explore their surrounding and environment and as a consequence delays their intellectual development. All the above reasons can leave a child being isolated from their pears and at a social disadvantage. The child will appear younger than their age and not be able to relate to others well, and may get treated as stupid if they underperform. This could lead to fights as the child gets angry, further segregating them from their social environment.

Advanced
A problem with raising a gifted child is managing their uneven development. They may be intellectually advance for their age but still be a little child in terms of behaviour. For example, they could discuss world peace one minute and the next have a tantrum when told to go to bed. The problem is people expect more advanced behaviour from the child in all aspects, emotionally, physically etc.. If expectations are not met, the child may find themselves being told off more severely, as they are acting immaturely, when its actually quite normal behaviour for a child that age. Emotionally and socially they are not any different. Some children, however, who do see themselves as small adults, get frustrated when not asked their opinion or allowed to make decisions. Their frustration can lead to a number of behavioural problems, like anger, bossy, demanding even rude. They may feel isolated from other siblings as they don??™t fit in and may even get bullied because they are so different. The same could happen with friends as they make out they are more superior, and so get left out of group activities. A social outcast.

Language Development:

Delayed
There is a direct link between the rate a child vocabulary develops and the amount the mother talked to the child in the first year. Children whose mums talked to them a lot can be using twice as many words at 17 months as those who had less communication. Parents worry that a child is late in talking compared with older siblings. This could well be because the older child anticipates all the younger ones needs , thereby removing any urgent need for the child to talk.
Deafness blocks the development of spoken language, often this is the first sign of being deaf when the child doesn??™t speak at the expected time. This puts the child behind other children of their ages in terms of learning and developing as a new method of communication first has to be established. The deaf child may feel isolated as they cannot understand or communicate with others therefore do not develop good social and interactive skills. Quite often balance and co-ordination are affected also and they often struggle when doing physical activities, and may leave them excluded from group games. This is similar to those who are also obese. It can lead to a feeling of isolation as often others do not want to play with them. Also later in life the child may have difficulty in getting certain jobs where good verbal communication is needed, thus segregating them from society.

Advanced.
Some children, often described as gifted children, learn to speak as early as 8 months and have a large vocabulary by the time they are 1. However, these children are often described as social misfits, as they don??™t seem to fit in with other children of the same age. They lack the ability to form relationships with those children, often having to form relationships with either other gifted children or children who are older and match their intellect. Gifted children who do mix with their social peers are seen as bossy because of their advanced language skills and it is not liked by their playmates. Adult company is often preferred which makes the gifted child even more estranged socially from their peers, or if they do mix at school they may underperform in the hopes of being socially acceptable by their classmates.

Social and Emotional Development:

Delayed
Lots of different factors can cause a delay to the Childs social and emotional development. Some factors may be genetic, like Down ??™s syndrome, some caused by neurological problems likeADAH. ADAH children are often behind children of the same age, finding it hard to socialise with others. They tend to be stubborn making disciplining hard, and they are often seen as bullying or domineering by their friends who don??™t like their behaviour and avoid them, which can lead to frustration and isolation. Mood swings and problems concentrating can cause problems within a classroom, with the child being labelled as disruptive and unpredictable.
Poverty can also affect the social and emotional development. When a child is living in poverty they may not have the same opportunities that other children have so lose out on life??™s experiences, and feelings that they can??™t contribute to anything within their group of peers. This can make them feel insecure as they cannot share in the experiences of others and lack confidence within themselves. Not being able to join outside activities may lead the child away from taking part in group games as they may feel inadequate.

Advanced
Gifted children often face several social and emotional issues. Their intellectual and creative abilities make them feel isolated from their age peers. They may feel alienated and alone because of their different interests, for example, reading a book alone rather than join in group activities. Along with being alienated and misunderstood by friends, they can be misunderstood by adults, who want them to be ???normal???, leaving the child confused, isolated and not belonging socially to any one group. Negative emotions such as anger, sadness, anxiety, may develop.