Artifical Limbs and Sports

What??™s A Fair Race

Your heart is beating with the rhythm of the screaming fans; the force of the wind is blowing through your sweaty body, constantly inhaling in and out trying to grasp every breath. You look ahead as you are close to approaching the finish line, while your arms and legs are pacing back and forth trying to gain momentum and acceleration you need to finish the race. However, what if you were disabled and had to have an artificial limb or what is known as prosthesis Would people consider it a fair race Today??™s technology allows people with disabilities to perform everyday tasks that they wouldn??™t be able to do. But should technology be permitted in professional sports if steroids or other drugs aren??™t A professional athlete with a disability that requires them to have an artificial limb gives them an unfair advantage to the other athletes.

Could you imagine how much technology has change from hundred years ago to now How researchers are working with the technology and discoveries that are being made to improve everyday life For instance, the simple invention of the wooden leg peg by Ambroise Pare And Dubois L. Parmelee had been used to replace legs so that people would have the chance to walk again but it limited the flexibility of the individual (Schlager, 14). Countless different inventions of prostheses were made but it wasn??™t until 1898, when muscle contractions would be able to control prostheses with Dr. Vanghetti??™s invention (Bellis, par.2). Throughout time and even nowadays, various inventors are working to advance prosthesis.

Visualize yourself lining up at the starting line; positioning your foot on the starting block and your hands on the ground, getting ready to get the speed you need for the race. What if the runner besides you had an artificial leg Would you consider that you were racing against someone who had an unfair advantage Dr. Robert Galley from the University of Miami studied that when running with an artificial leg the athlete is actually saving more energy than a regular runner. How could this be When waiting for that whistle to blow the athlete with artificial legs already has more of a lead by the hips producing almost twice the energy that an able-bodied sprinter would and immediately making the runner stand straight up. The foot segment of the artificial leg helps stores energy at the same time the hip muscles create momentum and stabilizes the knee. About 80 percent of the energy that is stored is eventually released which would force the runner forward at a faster speed (Longman).

It would take a longer time to produce the power that is required from the calf muscles, feet, and hips for a person without artificial legs. In order to take in energy the ankle, calf muscles, knee, and quadriceps have to work together as a team by the quadriceps and calf muscles creating a forward force and the ankle pushing off the ground while the knee heading forward (Longman).

The advancement of technology in artificial legs isn??™t the only improvements but as so in artificial arms. Did you know an athlete can have an artificial arm specially made for the certain sport that they are participating in (WORK CITE)

It takes a great deal of time and materials to put together an artificial limb. Usually a prosthetic device is prepared with belts and knee cuffs with the purpose of attaching the body to the prosthesis, custom fitted socket, internal structure known as a pylon, prosthetic socks to facilitate the area of contact, and in most cases realistic-looking skin. Numerous prostheses were made with polypropylene, steel, wood, rubber, and wool before the discovery of other materials could be used. For instance, carbon fiber, titanium, and aluminum are lightweight materials along with urethane foam, different types of plastics, and fabrics (Schlager 15).

The future technology hopes to bring prostheses are inventions such as the pressure sensitive foot. With the help of this invention nerves would be able to receive and interpret signals that would make walking more normal for the amputees (Schlager 18). Another invention in the waiting is electronic microchips that could possibly help amputees from falling since the limb would have a digital control system that could interpret the sensors and make walking easier (Higgins, par. 2). Eventually leading to electronic microchips that could control the whole artificial arm or leg automatically (Kim, par.1).

Did you know that 1.8 million people that usually have an artificial limb (Sataline, par. 10) but only 60,000 people a year are summiting to get an artificial limb in the U.S. alone (Herrera, par.4)

Several people may believe that an athlete with prostheses ought to have the same chance as every other athlete. Just because an athlete is disable shouldn??™t stop them from achieving their goals and dreams.