The Articles of Confederation were formed by 13 articles on July 12, 1776 and after a few revisions were put into actual affect in November 1777. Throughout the years people disagreed with the states only having the power and with little to no money supply there were soon be no federal government either. So, on September 17, 1787 the Constitution was drafted and put into effect in 1789. However, before the final Constitution was drafted they made several revisions of the Articles and used them in the new Constitution. The Articles of Confederation stated that its legislature would be Unicameral and have a Congress where the United States Constitution stated that it would be Bicameral and have a Congress that would be split in what we know today as the House of Representatives and the Senate.
This was not the only change to the Articles of Confederation there were many more such as the taxes that are being collected along with the fact that Canada could be admitted to the states with the agreement of Congress. Regardless of the changes made to make the new Constitution they both had their weaknesses and strong points. The Articles of Confederation was stronger for the states than it was for the Federal side of things. They kept it this way for fear that one group should never have that much power over someone. This way it was evenly divided among the states in agreement. Their weakness was the Western territories. The states were unable to agree to who would have control over those areas states because some wanted the federal government to handle them so the profit would go to all states and then the ones that bordered the states wanted to control them so they would profit from them instead of everyone. The Constitution was a lot stronger with its central government than the Articles were.
This showed immensely when it came time for the leaders to get the states on board for the passing of the new changes to the Articles. Even the states knew they had a weak general government and hence why the leaders took it to the people instead. The Constitution was weak in the beginning when it didn??™t have the Bill of Rights like it does today.
I mentioned earlier how the changes were made to the Articles concerning the way of electing officials well it was a last minute change on the governments part because they weren??™t prepared for people to separate into political parties. One other big weakness of the constitution was the protection of slavery which many think should have been at the top of their list. There were so many issues that were not satisfying the states while in the drafting phase of the Constitution. It took nearly two weeks to decide the delegates that would represent the states considering the smaller states did not feel they should be presented based on population and that it should be equal representation for all states involved. The smaller states did not want to have to submit under the control of the larger states because it was unfair. After six weeks of debate they decided that every state would be given equal representation in one house of Congress and representation based on proportion in the other. In the Senate every state would have two seats.
In the House of Representatives, the number of seats would depend on population because it was considered more responsive to majority. A lot of the Southern states had most of the control of the Western states which would allow them more control in the federal government and of course the small states wouldn??™t have that either. Had this ???Great Compromise??? not occurred it could have been devastating for the drafting of the Constitution. The smaller states were not going to budge on their views at all and some today still say that the Constitution is a joke made of merely large compromises. When it came time to adopt the Constitution as the one law of the nation there was an expectation of everyone being unanimous in voting yes to adopt it. However, there were two groups that ended up forming. The first group that formed was very against the Constitution and they called themselves the Anti-Federalists. The second group to form was definitely all for the adoption of the Constitution and they called themselves the Federalists.
While all the debating was going on between all the states like New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Delaware there were commentaries that were being written that ended up being call the Federalist Papers. These papers showed tons of support for the new Constitution and replied with responses to the Anti- Federalists of course and the writers made the commentaries direct more towards the state of New York too. New York at the time had two-thirds of their legislature against the Constitution which is significant compared to the surrounding states. Finally they agreed to the Constitution under stipulations which included being able to back out should things not go their way. One stipulation was that they want the Bill of Rights looked at again. They received a response on their stipulations and they were denied because the person responding felt that asking to have the luxury of backing out was worse than rejecting the whole Constitution.
They stated that it was as if they only wanted to follow the rules that suited them at that time. When it came down to it the Anti-Federalists did not feel that this type of government could work on the states as a whole. They expressed also that the rights of the individual were not properly nor protected with the ratification. They also stated that it gave too much power to the national government. The Federalists felt that the government would be the stronger of the two for all of the states benefits.
They responded to the Anti-Federalists by stating the separation of powers into three independent branches protected the rights of the people. They also presented that each branch represented a different part of the people and because all of the branches are equal then none of them can control the other. There was a huge debate of the Bill of Rights as well.