doubtsthat he will be able to successfully complete his SAT’s.

  Alternatively, Ricky becomes interested in joining the army because he believes thathe is better suited for this. This can be seen as theresult of a clash between what he aspires to become and what he feels he isrealistically capable of doing. Although Rickyaspires to go a University, by aligning himself with the standards of hisunderprivileged sub-culture, he creates self-doubt and considers that the armymay be a better option for him.              Next, the young men who conformed todeviant behaviours in the film could be referred to as ‘Innovators’ as describedby Merton (1938).

Such ‘Innovators’ support their cultural means of achievinggoals however, are not normally accepted among the rest of society.  Merton (1938) explains that the predisposing social structures in these lower classcommunities limits access to the means and imposes an intense pressure fordeviance (p. 677).

  Furthermore, asdiscussed in class, Stanley Cohen proposes that there is a set of standards whichserve as middle class measuring rods that are difficult for the lower-class adolescentsto reach. Feeling inadequate and ill prepared for the middle-class createsstrain on these individuals and they often feel they have no other option butto resort to crime (Gervais, 2017).  Thisis seen when Doughboy finds out thatRicky will be going off toUniversity; he becomes frustrated wishing he could do the same. Further, Ricky also has doubts about his own abilitiesand questions whether he can realistically achieve these goals.

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            Another perspective to lower class subcultures is proposed bytheorist Walter Miller, where there are six major focal concerns: “Trouble, toughness, smartness, excitement, fate,autonomy” (Williams & McShane, 2018: 85). Throughout Boyz N the Hood, thereare many examples of focal concerns, particularly through Doughboy, and