that he will be able to successfully complete his SAT’s.  Alternatively, Ricky becomes interested in joining the army because he believes that
he is better suited for this. This can be seen as the
result of a clash between what he aspires to become and what he feels he is
realistically capable of doing. Although Ricky
aspires to go a University, by aligning himself with the standards of his
underprivileged sub-culture, he creates self-doubt and considers that the army
may be a better option for him.  

            Next, the young men who conformed to
deviant behaviours in the film could be referred to as ‘Innovators’ as described
by Merton (1938). Such ‘Innovators’ support their cultural means of achieving
goals however, are not normally accepted among the rest of society.  Merton (1938) explains that the predisposing social structures in these lower class
communities limits access to the means and imposes an intense pressure for
deviance (p. 677).  Furthermore, as
discussed in class, Stanley Cohen proposes that there is a set of standards which
serve as middle class measuring rods that are difficult for the lower-class adolescents
to reach. Feeling inadequate and ill prepared for the middle-class creates
strain on these individuals and they often feel they have no other option but
to resort to crime (Gervais, 2017).  This
is seen when Doughboy finds out that
Ricky will be going off to
University; he becomes frustrated wishing he could do the same. Further, Ricky also has doubts about his own abilities
and questions whether he can realistically achieve these goals.

            Another perspective to lower class subcultures is proposed by
theorist Walter Miller, where there are six major focal concerns: “Trouble, toughness, smartness, excitement, fate,
autonomy” (Williams & McShane, 2018: 85). 
Throughout Boyz N the Hood, there
are many examples of focal concerns, particularly through Doughboy, and