Considered the “Father of the Fatherland”, George Washington was a celebrated general, farmer, entrepreneur and the first president of the United States.Even more than 200 years after his death, Washington is widely recognized as one of the most important leaders in the United States.Your name and your image can be found on the US dollar bill and in the nation’s capital. George Washington was born on February 22, 1732, in the British colony of Virginia, where his father, Augustine Washington, owned a plantation. When he was only 11 years old, his father died and left most of his assets to George’s older brother, Lawrence.
Like many wealthy landowners in Virginia,Augustine Washington wanted to send his son George to study in England. But this was not possible, since Augustine died and George’s formal education ended when he was 15 years old.Washington considered himself, first of all, a farmer and constantly looked for the latest discoveries of agricultural science and techniques. Washington also made significant improvements to its Mount Vernon mansion and the beautiful gardens that surround it.When the Revolution of the Thirteen Colonies broke out in 1775, Washington was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, the armed forces that fought for the independence of Great Britain. Although he lost more battles than he won, George Washington employed a winning strategy that produced important victories, such as the Battle of Trenton (site of his famous crossing of the Delaware River at Christmas) in 1776, Princeton in 1777 and, with the help of the French allies, the decisive victory of the war in Yorktown, in the autumn of 1781.
After his retirement, Washington returned to his home in Mount Vernon, where he continued to oversee agricultural activities. He also undertook new commercial projects, such as a whiskey distillery, which in 1799 was one of the largest in the United States. He died on December 14, 1799, of an infection in the throat. Although Washington was the owner of slaves all his life, he released them as part of his testament; He was the only founding father in taking this step.After his death, Washington was praised as “first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen,” a famous phrase that is frequently associated with him today.