1. work experience is required to obtain a

1.     Do you think licensing is important to work in the engineering field of
Ontario?

2.     What is the relationship between
engineering activity and the public at large?

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3.     Do engineering agencies that enforce
regulation have a part to play in the practice of engineering?

4.     What type of engineering work experience
is required to obtain a professional engineering license?

5.     How do engineers balance the technical and
social engineering factors in their work?

6.     What is the importance of the Engineering
Intern Training program?

7.     What is the key change in engineering field today and in future?  

8.     What is the importance of understanding
standards, laws, and codes that manage applicable engineering procedures?

9.     How excellent communication skills influence
professional engineering?

10.  What is the importance of professional
engineering in safeguarding property, the environment, life, and economic
interests?

The law requires licensing when an
individual wants to be a responsible professional engineer. An individual who
has the Ontario professional engineering license must put public interest first
as stipulated in the code of ethics. Additionally, they must have met in-depth
quality standards. Licensing plays a vital role in putting a person within a professional membership community
organized across Ontario (Girard & Bauder,
2007). It is noteworthy that engineers need a license to perform some
engineering responsibilities within Ontario province. Nevertheless, not every
individual in the engineering field requires a license.

Some of the engineering work
experience that demands an individual to obtain a professional engineering
license in Ontario includes the utilization of engineering’s social
implications, management, and theory, to mention a few. The said experiences
depict that the work one does could not be done by an individual who has no adequate
engineering skills. One must have considerable experience
in either analysis, testing methods, design, and
synthesis, or implementation methods to be considered for licensing.

The engineering intern-training
program is important because it provides
a practical work background in professional engineering. Individuals need the experience to translate to effective engineers. The reason is that the
said program offers real-life experience and adequate exposure. Moreover, the
program enables students to learn about themselves and develop their
professional network (Girard & Bauder, 2007).
On the same note, professional engineers need to understand standards, laws,
and codes that manage applicable engineering procedures because they specify
minimum regulations to protect public health and safety. Lastly, professional
engineers utilize their skills in planning, designing, supervising, and
evaluating engineering precepts to safeguard people’s lives, economic
interests, the environment, and the public welfare.            

Question
2

Part 1

The use of technology, especially
computers, has increased the volume of information flow, and this influences
the growing interest in education institutions. Although students are apt at
employing technology as well as tools, learners should understand some
challenges facing the field. Ideally, taking technology out of the learning
system would be alienating a significant part of the students’ capabilities. It
is evident that comprehending technology is becoming paramount in different
places, and learners should understand
the necessity for technological finesse (Harasim,
2017). It is unfortunate that digital innovations can be a source of
issues for students and schools.

To begin with, studying computer technology
poses a challenge to some students because not all of them can withstand the
changing technology. The reason is that upgrading tools are costly, and some
educational institutions might not possess the personnel to operate it. For
example, it is sometimes impossible for parents to help students who use tablets
to do their homework because the former may not be familiar with some software (Conole, 2015). On the same note, many teachers believe
that technology, such as tablets and smartphones, are a source of distractions
for learners. Often, teachers find it hard to ascertain that students are only
using educational applications during class as opposed to browsing irrelevant
content.

Students using technology such as
online learning face the challenge of different social dynamics. In particular,
an online school does not provide similar social benefits to a regular learning institution. Online schools do
not have classrooms where individuals can form relationships and friendships
with their peers; thus, they cannot learn
similar social cues as compared to regular students. Additionally, students
face the issue of the crash when using
computers in conducting their research. For example, when a learner uses a computer to develop a project that needs
hours of work, it can get erased, fail to save, encounter human error, or fail
to transfer files correctly.

Studying technology experiences
resistance to change. It is important to note that technology transformations
come in different forms including comfort with the status quo. A good instance
is when students and educators partake in technological experimentation. In addition, technology has contributed to innovative
models that are used for learning and teaching to offer unprecedented
competition to conventional schooling designs. In simple terms, the utilization
of technology, especially computers, in learning institutions is associated with some challenges that require
immediate attention.

Part 2

Cellphone users have adopted various
functions to fit their requirements and lifestyles. In the modern world, smartphones are
utilized in pragmatic ways, irrespective
of the interface of the particular phone
chosen or specific features available (Qiu, 2014).
It is clear that the use of cell phones is playing a critical role in
empowering people across the world. For instance, M-Pesa is a mobile financial
resources transfer service used in Kenya and other East Africa countries (Agrawal, 2017). Specifically, the technology offers services
to many Kenyans as well as serves as a conduit
for the state’s gross domestic product. Moreover, cellphones have played an
integral role in education (Zaremohzzabieh et
al., 2016). For example, Nokia focuses on the developing popularity of
social networking in South Africa to establish a mathematics teaching approach
that aims at users of the instant
messaging platform.

Cellphones are transforming social
interaction among people internationally. It is evident that youth utilize
their mobile phones differently as compared to old individuals. The majority of
young people use their cellphones for texting, taking pictures, tweeting, and
checking email. In particular, this situation has influenced the youth’s
expectations in relationships (Genner &
Süss, 2017). It is unfortunate the utilization of cellphones is killing
face-to-face conversations. However, some scholars argue that heightened social
media use rises social interaction offline (Stefania
& Marina, 2015). In spite of the fact
that some investigators assert that cell phones
have adversely impacted the way people relate, they have many advantages. The
first example of these benefits is doing business online, with the greatest
illustration being the purchase and sale of commodities on websites such as
E-bay, Amazon, and Alibaba, to mention a few. In this regard, people save time,
which they utilize to engage in other important activities.