1. Whenthe English first arrived from Britain to begin a new life in the Americas,they were not interested in simply settling down and creating a new functioningsociety, but instead their main concern was finding gold and becoming wealthy,as they were promised a new life and great opportunity that would wait forthem.
Whereas the Spanish relied heavily on settling down and establishing aplace they would stay and make their home, they would build their society basedoff of biblical teachings. The English saw themselves as being beneficial tothe Natives, as they were saving them from the Spanish and their tyrant ways.The Spanish forced many Indian workers to work in gold and silver mines,whereas the English usually had indentured servants or slaves of Africandecent. The English fled from England tobegin living without forced to live under religious practices and could chooseto practice or not to practice a religion. The Spanish on the other hand, usedCatholicism to try to get the Indians to join them to save them from heathenismand from joining the colonist as protestant. 2. TheEnglish settlers were not looking to marry the natives to acquire land, butinstead were just interest in taking it.
To the English, owning land, meantthat the men usually were wealthy before they emigrated to the America’s, butthey also usually brought workers with them and could have them tend to theircrops and could vote, which showed that not only did they have money but theyalso had power and could easily manipulate the Indians into giving up theirland. The Indian village leaders would assign different plots for individualfamilies to use for a period of time, and tribes would take different areas tohunt in, and land that nobody claimed was free for use by anyone. Familieswould own the right to use the land they were assigned but would not own theland itself. Unlike the Europeans whosaw it as a economic gain for individual use, the Indians saw it as a commonresource for all to use. 3. TheNew England colonies were established due to the fact that the separatistswanted the ability and freedom to create their own churches that had nothing todo with the state or the English rule over how they practiced. The puritanswanted to cleanse the Church of England because they felt the Church of Englandhad incorporated many parts of the catholic religion banc in England anddecided that a new life in the New Americas would be beneficial as they couldpractice religion freely and could make the church whole again in their eyes.
4. Emigrationwas a huge step for those who decided to leave England as they decided toventure to a new life of new possibilities. Among those who emigrated wereindentured servants, or those who willing came over as workers who gave uptheir freedom in exchange for a way to get to America. Also those who werewealthy came looking to acquire some land in hopes of having either a farm oftobacco or other crops that they could sell. The poor came hoping to fleeEngland because of the idea od having a chance at changing their fate and doingbetter economically. Some also came worried the uncertainty of the future oftheir country, and those who were seeking religious freedom.
5. Inthe New England and Chesapeake colonies, men were the first to travel andsettle the new land, while the women did not travel until a extended period oftime later than the men. But when the women did come over if your husband died,you could be willed your husbands properties and could still have the rights toestates, whereas in England woman were not guaranteed the same, but would besubject to getting 1/3 of his property if he were to die before her. Ineconomically Chesapeake had a very wide range of economic backgrounds thatranged from the poor to the wealthy and New England was mainly middle class. 6.
Inthe beginning, The English came for a few reasons that we have described, for abetter life, economic prosperity, but one main reason why many fled was forreligious freedom. At first for those who emigrated, their life was better, butthen the English began to become greedy and began to manipulate the Natives outof their land and killed many of them in the process. Along with Irish whopracticed Catholicism, they killed many people, and tried to impose militaryupon them, as they did with the Natives.
They also treated their own men asslaves and would brutally beat those indentured servants who tried to escape.As the British settlers gained more as they expanded they began to act likethose of which they fled from back in England. 7. Theeffects of the war left the question of what liberty truly meant to those wholived in America. Most New Englanders sided with Parliament and some evenreturned home to join the forces.
While many also followed a woman, AnneHutchison, and became Quakers. They believe that every individual had God’sspirit within them and not just certain people. Four were eventually hanged dueto what they believed after returning from exile. This sparked a war of its own between theProtestants and Catholics. The Maryland Toleration Act was then created statingthat while there was no one religion, that Christians were guaranteed a the”free exercise” 8.
Tobaccoproduction became one of the biggest industries in the early settlement days ofAmerica. While the settlers original goal was to find gold and strike big withit, they realize that no one else was producing tobacco and could make themwealthy so they began to produce an abundance of it and the demand for tobaccocalled for an increase in land which called for an increase in labor workers.Tobacco production was soon heard of in other regions, so it began to beexported, which turned the trade of goods into the trade of tobacco for slavesfrom other countries.