1.Introduction : Annan (2001, cited in Meyer 2005) statesemphatically, “Education is the single most vital element in combatingpoverty, empowering women, protecting children from hazardous and exploitativelabor and sexual exploitation, promoting human rights and democracy, protectingthe environment and influencing population growth. Education is a path towardsinternational peace and security”. Many reasearch praise that education isalways a worthy method for social issues such as polluted environment, crime, overpopulation..
.v…Therefore, education should be stablyvaluable characteristics especially inlearning. Unfortunately, many schools are in the face of school violence whichmake learners` safety be at high risk. Up to present, there is a significantrise in school violence. It only continue grow and almostly become part ofpeople`s everyday lives. It remains as a serious problem for both learners andeducators. Thus, the aims of this paper is to determine factors whichcontribute to school violence and show to everyone effects of it as well assome sollutions helping in solving that issue.
2. discussion of findings2.1.The causes of chool violence There is clear evidence that weapons are morefrequently being carried in chool ( California Department of education, 1990;Callahan & Rivara, 1992; maguire& Pastore19 95; Kingery et al., 1996; Elliott, Hamburg andwilliams, 1998). According to statistics of Elliott, Hamburg and williams (1998) , therewas an increase of 138% in carrying gun at school in central texas in periodtime of seven years from 1987 to 1994and in California the number of firearm confiscated double from 1985 to 1988. Acoustitutional Rights Foundation countedin “a total of 85 youngpeople died violently in U.
S. schools. Seventy-five percent of these incidents involved firearm”. Furthermore, A National Instituteof Health study also said that Forty-two percent of students statedthat “they could get a gun if they wanted, 28 percent have handled a gunwithout adult knowledge or supervision, and 17 percent have carried a concealedgun”.
Another causeidentified was a lack of parental discipline anh control ( Elliott, Hamburg andwilliams 1998). The second cause was the interruption in family organizationand dysfunctional daily life(drug addiction, alocohol, drink problems, poverty,delinquency) ( Maguire & Pastore 1995;Kim 2005). The parents are always oneof the most important factors which cause violence of childens because of thelack of parent involvement with the schoools (Price & Everett 1997). Manyteachers complained that they were not receiving the supportthey need from parents.Especially, too many parents were failing to send theirchildren to school with the right equipment such as mobile phones, iPods andMP3 players when teachers just wish they would bring a pen(Keates, 2011). The things wereidentified as a cause of distraction and disruption in the classroom.
Besides, Importantother factors influencing the likelihood of being violent included students’knowledge of whether there was a school discipline policy, the formal teachingof school rules, and student attitudes regarding school rules, classroomculture, and racism and bullying in the school(the Queensland schools AllianceAgainst violence (2010). 2.2.Effects of school violence It is not difficult to be aware that there are seriousconsequences following school violence. All we should consider cautiouslyfollowing effects to enhance the knowledge about school violence. One of the direct and most typical impacts of school violence is personalsafety.
According to Petersen, Pietrzak and Kathryne (2001), their surveyfocusing on school personal’s feeling of safety claimed that 27% respondentsindicated that they were concerned or very concerned about safety while atschool. Responsents indicated that they were most concerned about physicalthreats or attacks from students as well as from students’parents. Of thoseresponding, 14% were concerned or very concerned about physical threats orattacks bystudents, whereas 17% were concerned or very concerned aboutphysical threats or attacks by students’ parents. National Center For InjuryPrevention and Control(2016) told that school violence especially affectedhealth.
Deaths resulting from violenceat school are only part of the problem. Many young people experience nonfatalinjuries. Some of these injuries are relatively minor and include cuts,bruises, and broken bones. Others injuries, like gunshot wounds and headtrauma, are more serious and can lead to permanent disability. They alsoclaimed that not all injuries are visible. Exposure to youth violence and schoolviolence can lead to a wide array of negative health behaviors and outcomes,including alcohol and drug use and suicide. Depression, anxiety, and many otherpsychological problems, including dear, can result from school violence.
The Human Rights Watch (2001, as cited in Meyer, 2005) hasfound that the results of school violence can be devastating. Children maybecome depressed and anxious and have difficulty concentrating on theirstudies. They may use alcohol or other drugs or engage in risky sexualbehaviours as a way of dealing with stress. Many skip classes while otherschange schools or drop out altogether. Some even commit suicide. The National Center for Children Exposedto Violence (2004, as cited in Meyer, 2005) indicate that statistically, children whoengage in bullying behaviour are more likely to become adult criminals.
Manychildren who display violent behaviour at school are exposed to violence orabuse outside of school and may be in need of help from adults. The teachersalso are considered as victims of school violence ( Holtappels, Heitmeyer,Melzer & Tillmann, 1999; Steffgen & Ewen, 2004; as cited inInternational Journal on Violence and Schools, april 2007).