1 especially in summer (Alrashed, F., & Asif,

1 Mechanism of precisely determine the problem.As stated in the introduction section, Saudi Arabia faces massive increase in the electrical energy spend on air-conditioning and cooling systems all over the country due to the hot temperature, especially in summer (Alrashed, F., & Asif, M., 2014) and (Demirbas, A., Hashem, A. A., & Bakhsh, A. A., 2017). This remarkable increase in energy consumption encourages researchers and economists seeking solutions that reduce the cost of energy consumption. Many researchers work on the dimension of renewable and green energy systems that provide alternative sources of energy. This research proposes another possible solution to this issue by introducing and manufacturing climate-based reflective paints based on simulating the solar radiation intensity caused by different weather parameters in different regions of Saudi Arabia and the physical properties of selected chemical polymeric materials.2 How to gather information about the problem and measurement tools?The outcome of this project is to manufacture a special type of paints and coatings which reflect and disperse the sun heat. This can be achieved through advanced scientific research methods in Physics and Polymer Chemistry that are mainly based on the support of computer algorithms and modelling and simulation software, for modelling the relevant equations and simulating their results to find the suitable combination of chemical materials and their physical properties that will lead to prepare the reflective paints. At the later stages of the project, different samples prepared from different materials and chemical compounds. Physical, chemical and mechanical properties and testing procedure will be studies for all samples depending on the outputs of the simulation results as well as the use of chemical and physical measuring tools and devices which will be explained in the following items.3 Brief details of all measurement tools and devices including laboratory tools, manufacturing & measurement devices. 3.1 List of Computer Programming Tools and Software A. Computer PCs/laptop to install all software required and run the simulation.B. A multi-paradigm numerical computing environment, such as Mathworks MATLAB and its related packages.C. A graphical programming environment for modeling, simulating and analyzing multidomain dynamical systems, such as Mathworks Simulink.D. Software for studying, analyzing and visualizing data comes from spectrometer instrument to measure Ultraviolet light and intensity, such as SpectraWiz® Spectroscopy Software.E. Word processing application for preparing and writing reports, research results and papers, posters and document the work.F. Database Management System to store and manage data of experiments, materials, weather, and more.    3.2 A List of Basic Chemistry ApparatusSafety goggles and safety equipment, Beakers, Erlenmeyer flasks (AKA conical flasks), Florence flasks (AKA boiling flasks), Test tubes, tongs, and racks, Watch glasses, Crucibles, Funnels, Graduated cylinders, Volumetric flasks, Droppers, Pipettes, Burets, Ring stands, rings, and clamps, Tongs and forceps, Spatulas, Thermometers, Bunsen Burners, Balances, Ovens. 3.3 Instruments A. Halogen lamp Halogen lamp was used as heat radiation source to model solar radiation, irradiating the panels consistently in the experiment. According to the standard solar spectrum from ASTM G 173, 5% of solar energy is distributed in the ultraviolet range (300–400 nm), 46% of solar energy is distributed in the visible range (400–720 nm) and 49% of solar energy is distributed in the near infrared range (720–2500nm). The spectrum of the halogen lamp used in the experiment ranges from 380 to 3000 nm, covering the visible and near infrared regions, which are the major part of the solar spectrum in terms of energy constitution. B. Varian Cary 5000 UV-Vis-NIR Spectrophometer The Varian Cary 5000 is a high-performance UV-Vis-NIR spectrophotometer with superb photometric performance in the 175-3300 nm range. Using a PbSmart detector, the Varian Cary 5000 extends its NIR range to 3300 nm making it a powerful tool for materials science research. Controlled by the Varian Cary WinUV software, a modular Windows-based software, makes it easy to perform powerful analysis and control many optional accessories. The large sample compartment can be expanded to hold large accessories and integrating spheres for spectral and diffuse reflectance. The LockDown mechanism makes it possible to quickly change and position accessories for reproducible results. C. Vista Spectrophotometer Vista spectrophotometer with the unique ability to capture both visible range transmission color and haze with a single measurement. Vista includes electronic calibration, a spill resistant sample compartment, and a small footprint for improved accuracy, longevity, and flexibility. Among the many features built-in are customizable workspaces, multiple data views, and virtually every transmission color and haze scale and index available, including Pt-Co/Hazen/APHA, Gardner Color, Haze %, Opalescence, Y Total Transmission, CIE Spectral Data, and 3 major Pharmacopoeias- US, EU, and Japanese. D. Greaves Mixers- Viscous Paint Blending, Powder to Liquid MixingGreaves Mixers BT impeller demonstrates single impeller powder to liquid dissolving to produce a very high viscosity paint. This impressive laboratory demonstration offers solutions to the cavitation problems caused by high shear mixers. E. Belle Tubmix 50 240VBelle TUBMIX 50 High Torque Stand Alone Paddle Mixer for effortless mixing. Available in 110 or 240 volts. F. Badger Airbrushes Basic Spray Gun Set 250-2All lab samples requiring a simple, yet effective spray is easily completed by the Model 250 Series. Hands-on inspection and testing insure Badger’s high-quality standards G. Jacketed Glass ReactorDual glass reactor, effectively contributes to all chemical reactions and experiments. This device is used to ensure the homogeneity of chemically formed materials, thus ensuring that chemical reactions are conducted in standard conditions.4 The assumptions or the proposed solutions to resolve the problemA complete review on previous and current works regarding developing the system and the computationalmodels required for modelling and simulation the whole system. This includes the recent ANN models and associated algorithms, such as Genetic Algorithms or Fuzzy-Logic for the estimation and calculationtasks. Additionally, another review is considered to investigate the various physical and climate parameters included in the previous works to handle the solar radiations and reflectivity features of materials.Furthermore, the next step is applying the simulation results in developing a climate-based model for measuring the solar radiation intensity, as well as a system model for estimation the physical and material properties, using ANN and Genetic Algorithms.Based on the simulation results, the selected chemical polymeric materials and compounds are preparation to introduce some samples of CB-SHRP. At the next step, the CB-SHRP samples is manufactured by mixing all compounds on different substrates depending on the simulation results. The produced sample are then tested against the simulation results to examine their quality.5 Testing methods and procedure for all samples and prototypes To test the validity of the proposed solutions offered in this project and reached to the optimum results, the following tests will apply for all prepared samples:1) Hemispherical spectral reflectance of the samples over the solar bandwidth from 300 – 2500 nm. (ASTM Standard Test Method E903-88)2) Integrated solar reflectance of the above from 300 – 2500 nm.3) Integrated UV reflectance of the above from 300 – 400 nm.4) Integrated visible reflectance of the above from 410 – 722 nm.5) Integrated Near Infrared (NIR) reflectance of the above from 724 – 2500 nm.6) Long-wave infrared reflectance of the samples, allowing calculation of emittance. (ASTM E-408-71)?